Immigration policies of countries reflect their attitude regarding immigration. There were no strict regulations regarding immigrations in the ancient period. With increase in the consciousness about political identity each country formulated a set of conditions, to regulate migration. Immigration policies are guiding principles for the procedure of immigration. The immigration policy is revised according to the motives of the government. The countries, which have low population growth, have liberal immigration policies. The growth of terrorism has forced countries to become more stringent in their immigration policies.
The policy is a set of terms and conditions, which are essentially satisfied by the immigrants. Legal immigration is possible only for immigrants, who fulfill the eligibility criteria mentioned in the immigration policy of the country. The policy also determines the right of the immigrant in the country. The policy provides a comprehensive outlook to manage the economic and social life of the immigrant. Some countries have strict policies regarding the permitted activities of an immigrant in their country. The immigration promoting countries have lenient policies regarding the civic life of immigrants, which help them to integrate easily with the culture of the country.
The government develops the policy according to the social and economic conditions prevailing in the country. The policies are legalized by immigration law. Population increase and anti immigrant sentiments influence the formulation of strict policies. Policies also consider issues regarding illegal immigration. The policies of many countries enforce strict regulations to limit illegal immigrants. The immigration policies of a few countries have provisions to provide amnesty to illegal immigrants.
Immigration process can be delayed if the policy requirements are not strictly adhered to. Awareness about the immigration policy is essential to avoid problems. The immigration office provides guidance about the policies of the country. Immigration attorneys and services also assist with necessary information. Internet is the best tool to gather information about the immigration policy a country.